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Directed Evolution of an Enantioselective Lipase with Broad Substrate Scope for Hydrolysis of α-Substituted Esters

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journal contribution
posted on 26.05.2010, 00:00 by Karin Engström, Jonas Nyhlén, Anders G. Sandström, Jan-E. Bäckvall
A variant of Candida antarctica lipase A (CalA) was developed for the hydrolysis of α-substituted p-nitrophenyl esters by directed evolution. The E values of this variant for 7 different esters was 45−276, which is a large improvement compared to 2−20 for the wild type. The broad substrate scope of this enzyme variant is of synthetic use, and hydrolysis of the tested substrates proceeded with an enantiomeric excess between 95−99%. A 30-fold increase in activity was also observed for most substrates. The developed enzyme variant shows (R)-selectivity, which is reversed compared to the wild type that is (S)-selective for most substrates.