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Direct Synthesis of Rhenium and Technetium-99m Metallosurfactants by a Transmetallation Reaction of Lipophilic Groups: Potential Applications in the Radiolabeling of Liposomes

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journal contribution
posted on 12.02.2020, 20:18 by Jordi Borràs, Verónica Mesa, Joan Suades, Ramon Barnadas-Rodríguez
A new zinc dithiocarbamate functionalized with palmitoyl groups is described as a useful tool for the preparation of metallosurfactants through a transmetallation reaction with the transition metals rhenium and technetium. An amphiphilic rhenium complex is synthesized by a transmetallation reaction with the zinc complex in presence of the polar phosphine sodium triphenylphosphine trisulfonate, which leads to a rhenium complex with a lipophilic dithiocarbamate and a polar phosphine ligand. The study of this rhenium complex has shown that it self-aggregates, leading to the formation of aggregates that have been analyzed by dynamic light scattering and cryotransmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). In addition, this amphiphilic rhenium complex is incorporated into soy phosphatidylcholine liposomes, whether liposomes are prepared by mixing phospholipid and the rhenium complex or by the incorporation of the rhenium complex into preformed liposomes. The one-pot reaction of the radiocompound [99mTc­(H2O)3(CO)3]+ with the above-mentioned zinc dithiocarbamate, the phosphine sodium triphenylphosphine trisulfonate and the phospholipid soy phosphatidylcholine, leads to liposomes labeled with a Tc-99m homologous complex of the rhenium complex, in accordance with the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) data.