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Direct Evidence of Photoinduced Charge Transport Mechanism in 2D Conductive Metal Organic Frameworks

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journal contribution
posted on 23.11.2020, 17:06 by James Nyakuchena, Sarah Ostresh, Daniel Streater, Brian Pattengale, Jens Neu, Christian Fiankor, Wenhui Hu, Eli Diego Kinigstein, Jian Zhang, Xiaoyi Zhang, Charles A. Schmuttenmaer, Jier Huang
Conductive metal organic frameworks (MOFs) represent a promising class of porous crystalline materials that have demonstrated potential in photo-electronics and photocatalytic applications. However, the lack of fundamental understanding on charge transport (CT) mechanism as well as the correlation of CT mechanism with their structure hampered their further development. Herein, we report the direct evidence of CT mechanism in 2D Cu-THQ MOFs and the correlation of temporal and spatial behaviors of charge carriers with their photoconductivity by combining three advanced spectroscopic methods, including time resolved optical and X-ray absorption spectroscopy and terahertz spectroscopy. In addition to Cu-THQ, the CT in Cu/Zn-THQ after incorporating Zn2+ guest metal was also examined to uncover the contribution of through space pathway, as the presence of the redox inactive 3d10 Zn2+ is expected to perturb the long range in-plane CT. We show that the hot carriers in Cu-THQ generated after photoexcitation are highly mobile and undergo fast localization to a lower energy state (cool carriers) with electrons occupying Cu center and holes in ligands. The cool carriers, which have super long lifetime (>17 ns), are responsible for the long-term photoconductivity in Cu-THQ and transport through the O–Cu–O motif with negligible contribution from interlayer ligand π–π stacking, as incorporation of Zn2+ in Cu-THQ significantly reduced photoconductivity. These unprecedented results not only demonstrate the capability to experimentally probe CT mechanism but also provide important insight in the rational design of 2D MOFs for photoelectronic and photocatalytic applications.