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Direct Conversion of CO2 to Aromatics over K–Zn–Fe/ZSM‑5 Catalysts via a Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis Pathway

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posted on 2022-03-25, 14:41 authored by Jiaming Liang, Lisheng Guo, Weizhe Gao, Chengwei Wang, Xiaoyu Guo, Yingluo He, Guohui Yang, Noritatsu Tsubaki
A series of Fe–Zn catalysts promoted by potassium were successfully prepared by a coprecipitation and incipient wetness impregnation method. The obtained K–Fe/Zn catalysts exhibited excellent performance for CO2 hydrogenation toward C2–C4 olefin formation with high selectivity. A series of efficient bifunctional K–Zn–Fe/ZSM-5 catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation were constructed by combining the K–Fe/Zn catalysts with H-ZSM-5 with different SiO2/Al2O3 ratios, which exhibited a superior aromatics selectivity especially when utilizing a zeolite with NaOH solution pretreatment. Meanwhile, the relationships between catalytic performance and the microenvironment of zeolite were systematically studied. Furthermore, the correlation between aromatic selectivity and H-ZSM-5 weight was also investigated in detail. Combined with experimental data and theoretical analysis, the alkenes produced from K–Fe/Zn could be effectively converted into aromatics via in situ dehydrogenation and cyclization on the acidic sites of H-ZSM-5. The bifunctional catalyst presented the highest aromatics selectivity of 45.2%, with a CO2 conversion of 42.6%.

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