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Direct Access to Highly Functionalized Heterocycles through the Condensation of Cyclic Imines and α‑Oxoesters

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journal contribution
posted on 05.12.2017, 19:19 authored by Alexander Q. Cusumano, Matthew W. Boudreau, Joshua G. Pierce
A facile, gram-scale preparation of 2-hydroxy-5,6,7,7a-tetrahydro-3H-pyrrolizin-3-ones and 2-hydroxy-6,7,8,8a-tetrahydroindolizin-3­(5H)-ones from a condensation cyclization of α-oxoesters with five- and six-membered cyclic imines, respectively, is reported. This transformation enables a concise, three-step synthesis of the natural products phenopyrrozin and p-hydroxyphenopyrrozin. Further, biologically relevant scaffolds, such as α-quaternary β-homo prolines and β-lactams, are also prepared in two- to three-steps from the versatile 2-hydroxy-5,6,7,7a-tetrahydro-3H-pyrrolizin-3-one core.