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Diphenanthroline Electron Transport Materials for the Efficient Charge Generation Unit in Tandem Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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journal contribution
posted on 11.09.2017, 00:00 by Gyeong Woo Kim, Young Hoon Son, Hye In Yang, Jin Hwan Park, Ik Jang Ko, Raju Lampande, Jeonghun Sakong, Min-Jae Maeng, Jong-Am Hong, Ju Young Lee, Yongsup Park, Jang Hyuk Kwon
In this paper, we report two new phenanthroline-based compounds, 1,4-bis­(2-phenyl-1,10-phenanthrolin-4-yl)­benzene (p-bPPhenB) and 1,3-bis­(2-phenyl-1,10-phenanthrolin-4-yl)­benzene (m-bPPhenB), for the charge generation unit of tandem organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). These two compounds exhibited high electron mobility of (5.8–4.4) × 10–3 cm2/(V s), a very small injection barrier at the p–n junction interface, a high glass transition temperature of 123.9–182.1 °C, and exceptionally good operational stability. Because of such excellent characteristics, a single-stack red phosphorescent OLED (PhOLED) with p-bPPhenB showed a low driving voltage (2.7 V) and significantly improved maximum power efficiency (56.8 lm/W), external quantum efficiency (30.8%), and device lifetime (LT95, 130 h) compared to those of the control device using bathophenanthroline (Bphen) (3.7 V, 39 lm/W, 27.1%, and 13 h). Furthermore, a two-stack (tandem) red PhOLED using p-bPPhenB in the charge generation unit exhibited superior charge generation as well as electron transport properties and excellent device performances (5.0 V, 54.0 lm/W, 56.1%) compared to those of the tandem device using Bphen (6.2 V, 45.2 lm/W, 53.3%).