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Dinuclear Cu(I) Halides with Terphenyl Phosphines: Synthesis, Photophysical Studies, and Catalytic Applications in CuAAC Reactions

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journal contribution
posted on 21.07.2020, 10:03 by Álvaro Beltrán, Inmaculada Gata, Celia Maya, João Avó, João Carlos Lima, César A. T. Laia, Riccardo Peloso, Mani Outis, M. Carmen Nicasio
Several dinuclear terphenyl phosphine copper­(I) halide complexes of composition [CuX­(PR2Ar′)]2 (X = Cl, Br, I; R = hydrocarbyl, Ar′ = 2,6-diarylterphenyl radical), 15, have been isolated from the reaction of CuX with 1 equiv of the phosphine ligand. Most of them have been characterized by X-ray diffraction studies in the solid state, thus allowing comparative discussions of different structural parameters, namely, Cu···Cu and Cu···Aryl separations, conformations adopted by coordinated phosphines, and planarity of the Cu2X2 cores. Centrosymmetric complexes [CuI­(PMe2ArXyl2)]2, 1c, and [CuI­(PEt2ArMes2)]2, 3c, despite their similar structures, show very distinct photoluminescence (PL) in powder form at room temperature. The photophysical behavior of these compounds in liquid solution, solid–solid Zeonex solution and powder samples at room temperature and 77 K have been investigated and supported by DFT calculation. Identification of vibronic coupling modes, done by group theory calculations and the technique of projection operators, shows that the manifestation of these modes is conditioned by crystal packing. Complexes [CuI­(PMe2ArXyl2)]2, 1c, and [CuI­(PEt2ArMes2)]2, 3c, display remarkable activity in copper-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition reactions involving preformed and in situ-made azides. Reactions are performed in H2O, under aerobic conditions, with low catalyst loadings and tolerate the use of iodoalkynes as substrates.