American Chemical Society
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Dinitrogen Reduction, Sulfur Reduction, and Isoprene Polymerization via Photochemical Activation of Trivalent Bis(cyclopentadienyl) Rare-Earth-Metal Allyl Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-09-14, 00:00 authored by Megan E. Fieser, Casey W. Johnson, Jefferson E. Bates, Joseph W. Ziller, Filipp Furche, William J. Evans
Dinitrogen can be reduced by photochemical activation of the trivalent rare-earth-metal bis­(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) allyl complexes (C5Me5)2Ln­(η3-C3H4R) (Ln = Y, Lu; R = H, Me) to form the (NN)2– complexes [(C5Me5)2Ln]2(μ-η22-N2). This demonstrates that productive organolanthanide photochemistry is not limited to complexes of the unusual (η3-C5Me4H) ligand in the heteroleptic complexes (C5Me5)2(C5Me4H)­Ln and (C5Me5)­(C5Me4H)2Ln. Photolytic activation of (C5Me5)2Ln­(η3-C3H5) (Ln = Y, Lu) in the presence of isoprene provides a rare photopolymerization route to polyisoprene. Sulfur can also be reduced by photolysis of (C5Me5)2Ln­(η3-C3H5) (Ln = Y, Lu) to generate the (S)2– complexes, [(C5Me5)2Ln]2(μ-S), which have variable Ln–S–Ln angles depending on crystallization conditions.