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Different Design Strategies for Metal Sulfide Sorbents to Capture Low Concentrations of Gaseous Hg0 in Coal-Fired Flue Gas and High Concentrations of Gaseous Hg0 in Smelting Flue Gas

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journal contribution
posted on 06.05.2021, 15:08 by Chang Wang, Jian Mei, Qianqian Hong, Fangtian Xie, Zhen Ding, Chen Ma, Shijian Yang
Capturing gaseous Hg0 using regenerable metal sulfides is a promising technology to recover gaseous Hg0 from both coal-fired flue gas (CFG) and smelting flue gas (SFG) for the centralized control. Gaseous Hg0 concentration in SFG is 2–3 orders of magnitude higher than that in CFG; therefore, the design strategy of metal sulfides for capturing gaseous Hg0 from CFG is quite different from that from SGF. In this work, the structure–activity relationship of metal sulfides to capture Hg0 was investigated according to the remarkable difference in MoO3 loading on sulfureted FeTiOx to capture low/high concentrations of gaseous Hg0. The rate of Hg0 adsorption onto metal sulfides was mainly related to the amounts of adsorption sites and S22– on the surface, the affinity of adsorption sites to gaseous Hg0, and the gaseous Hg0 concentration. Meanwhile, the capacity for Hg0 adsorption was approximately equal to the less of the amount of adsorption sites and S22– on the surface. Furthermore, capturing low concentrations of gaseous Hg0 from CFG required the metal sulfide sorbents having more adsorption sites with strong affinity to gaseous Hg0, while capturing high concentrations of gaseous Hg0 from SFG required the sorbents with enough adsorption sites.