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Dielectric Relaxation and Solvation Dynamics in a Prototypical Ionic Liquid + Dipolar Protic Liquid Mixture: 1‑Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate + Water

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journal contribution
posted on 12.12.2013, 00:00 by Xin-Xing Zhang, Min Liang, Johannes Hunger, Richard Buchner, Mark Maroncelli
Dielectric and solvation data on mixtures of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazilium tetrafluoroborate ([Im41]­[BF4]) + water are reported and used to examine the utility of dielectric solvation models. Dielectric permittivity and loss spectra (25 °C) were recorded over the frequency range 200 MHz to 89 GHz at 17 compositions and fit to a 4-Debye form. Dynamic Stokes shift measurements on the solute coumarin 153 (C153), made by combining fluorescence upconversion (80 fs resolution) and time-correlated single photon counting data (20 ns range), were used to determine the solvation response at 7 compositions (20.5 °C). All properties measured here were found to depend upon mixture composition in a simple continuous manner, especially when viewed in terms of volume fraction. Solvation response functions predicted by a simple dielectric continuum model are similar to but ∼7-fold faster than the spectral response functions measured with C153. The solvation data are in better agreement with the recently published predictions of a semimolecular model of Biswas and co-workers [J. Phys. Chem. B 2011, 115, 4011], but these latter predictions are systematically slow by a factor of ∼3.