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Dicke-Cooperativity-Assisted Ultrastrong Coupling Enhancement in Terahertz Metasurfaces

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posted on 2022-12-05, 20:12 authored by Riad Yahiaoui, Zizwe A. Chase, Chan Kyaw, Fuyang Tay, Andrey Baydin, G. Tim Noe, Junyeob Song, Junichiro Kono, Amit Agrawal, Motoaki Bamba, Thomas A. Searles
A system of N two-level atoms cooperatively interacting with a photonic field can be described as a single giant atom coupled to the field with interaction strength ∝N. This enhancement, known as Dicke cooperativity in quantum optics, has recently become an indispensable element in quantum information technology. Here, we extend the coupling beyond the standard light–matter interaction paradigm, enhancing Dicke cooperativity in a terahertz metasurface with N meta-atoms. The cooperative enhancement is manifested through the hybridization of the localized surface plasmon resonance in individual meta-atoms and surface lattice resonance due to the periodic array. Furthermore, through engineering of the capacitive split-gap in the meta-atoms, we were able to enhance the coupling rate into the ultrastrong coupling regime by a factor of N. Our strategy can serve as a new platform for demonstrating effective control of fermionic systems by weak pumping, superradiant emission, and ultrasensitive sensing of molecules.

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