jo300221y_si_001.pdf (1.44 MB)

Diastereoselective Protocols for the Synthesis of 2,3-trans- and 2,3-cis-6-Methoxy-morpholine-2-carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Download (1.44 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 06.04.2012, 00:00 by Michele Penso, Francesca Foschi, Sara Pellegrino, Andrea Testa, Maria Luisa Gelmi
Two diastereoselective and straightforward protocols for the high-yielding synthesis of 2,3-trans- and 2,3-cis-6-methoxy-3-substituted morpholine-2-carboxylic esters were realized in few steps, through the condensation between 5,6-diethoxy-5,6-dimethyl-1,4-dioxan-2-one and an appropriate imine, which is the key reaction to control the C2–C3 relative stereochemistry, followed by a methanolysis/ring-closure tandem reaction sequence. In particular, 2,3-trans-morpholines derive from the R*,S*-product of the acid condensation of N-functionalized alkylimines with the silylketene acetal of the above lactone, whereas 2,3-cis-morpholines derive from the R*,R*-product of basic condensation of an N-tosylimines with the lactone.