Development of a Continuous-Flow Sonogashira Cross-Coupling Protocol using Propyne Gas under Process Intensified Conditions
journal contributionposted on 2017-05-29, 00:00 authored by Desiree Znidar, Christopher A. Hone, Phillip Inglesby, Alistair Boyd, C. Oliver Kappe
The development of a continuous-flow Sonogashira cross-coupling protocol using propyne gas for the synthesis of a key intermediate in the manufacturing of a β-amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) inhibitor, currently undergoing late stage clinical trials for a disease-modifying therapy of Alzheimer’s disease, is described. Instead of the currently used batch manufacturing process for this intermediate that utilizes TMS-propyne as reagent, we herein demonstrate the safe utilization of propyne gas, as a cheaper and more atom efficient reagent, using an intensified continuous-flow protocol under homogeneous conditions. The flow process afforded the target intermediate with a desired product selectivity of ∼91% (vs the bis adduct) after a residence time of 10 min at 160 °C. The continuous-flow process compares favorably with the batch process, which uses TMS-propyne and requires overnight processing, TBAF as an additive, and a significantly higher loading of Cu co-catalyst.