Development of Novel CXC Chemokine Receptor 7 (CXCR7) Ligands: Selectivity Switch from CXCR4 Antagonists with a Cyclic Pentapeptide Scaffold
journal contributionposted on 09.07.2015, 00:00 by Shinya Oishi, Tomoko Kuroyanagi, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Nicolas Montpas, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Ryosuke Misu, Yuka Kobayashi, Hiroaki Ohno, Nikolaus Heveker, Toshio Furuya, Nobutaka Fujii
The CXC chemokine receptor 7 (CXCR7)/ACKR3 is a chemokine receptor that recognizes stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1)/CXCL12 and interferon-inducible T-cell α chemoattractant (I-TAC)/CXCL11. Here, we report the development of novel CXCR7-selective ligands with a cyclic pentapeptide scaffold through an SAR study of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) selective antagonist FC131 [cyclo(-d-Tyr-l-Arg-l-Arg-l-Nal-Gly-), Nal = 3-(2-naphthyl)alanine]. Substitution of Gly with l-Pro switched the receptor preference of the peptides from CXCR4 to CXCR7. The SAR study led to the identification of a potent CXCR7 ligand, FC313 [cyclo(-d-Tyr-l-Arg-l-MeArg-l-Nal-l-Pro-)], which recruits β-arrestin to CXCR7. Investigations via receptor mutagenesis and molecular modeling experiments suggest a possible binding mode of the cyclic pentapeptide CXCR7 agonist.