sb0c00325_si_001.pdf (3.05 MB)
Developing Methods to Circumvent the Conundrum of Chromosomal Rearrangements Occurring in Multiplex Gene Edition
journal contributionposted on 2020-08-25, 13:34 authored by Vinciane Borsenberger, Christian Croux, Fayza Daboussi, Cécile Neuvéglise, Florence Bordes
CRISPR/Cas9 is a powerful tool to edit the genome of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Here, we design a simple and robust method to knockout multiple gene families based on the construction of plasmids enabling the simultaneous expression of several sgRNAs. We exemplify the potency of this approach by targeting the well-characterized acyl-CoA oxidase family (POX) and the uncharacterized SPS19 family. We establish a correlation between the high lethality observed upon editing multiple loci and chromosomal translocations resulting from the simultaneous generation of several double-strand breaks (DSBs) and develop multiplex gene editing strategies. Using homologous directed recombination to reduce chromosomal translocations, we demonstrated that simultaneous editing of four genes can be achieved and constructed a strain carrying a sextuple deletion of POX genes. We explore an “excision approach” by simultaneously performing two DSBs in genes and reached 73 to 100% editing efficiency in double disruptions and 41.7% in a triple disruption. This work led to identifying SPS193 as a gene encoding a 2–4 dienoyl-CoA reductase, demonstrating the potential of this method to accelerate knowledge on gene function in expanded gene families.