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Deuterium Spin Probes of Side-Chain Dynamics in Proteins. 2. Spectral Density Mapping and Identification of Nanosecond Time-Scale Side-Chain Motions

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journal contribution
posted on 11.05.2002, 00:00 by Nikolai R. Skrynnikov, Oscar Millet, Lewis E. Kay
In the previous paper in this issue we have demonstrated that it is possible to measure the five different relaxation rates of a deuteron in 13CH2D methyl groups of 13C-labeled, fractionally deuterated proteins. The extensive set of data acquired in these experiments provides an opportunity to investigate side-chain dynamics in proteins at a level of detail that heretofore was not possible. The data, acquired on the B1 domain of peptostreptococcal protein L, include 16 (9) relaxation measurements at 4 (2) different magnetic field strengths, 25 °C (5 °C). These data are shown to be self-consistent and are analyzed using a spectral density mapping procedure which allows extraction of values of the spectral density function at a number of frequencies with no assumptions about the underlying dynamics. Dynamics data from 31 of 35 methyls in the protein for which data could be obtained were well-fitted using the two-parameter Lipari−Szabo model (Lipari, G.; Szabo, A. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1982, 104, 4546). The data from the remaining 4 methyls can be fitted using a three-parameter version of the Lipari−Szabo model that takes into account, in a simple manner, additional nanosecond time-scale local dynamics. This interpretation is supported by analysis of a molecular dynamics trajectory where spectral density profiles calculated for side-chain methyl sites reflect the influence of slower (nanosecond) time-scale motions involving jumps between rotameric wells. A discussion of the minimum number of relaxation measurements that are necessary to extract the full complement of dynamics information is presented along with an interpretation of the extracted dynamics parameters.