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Desorption of Oxygen from Cationic Niobium Oxide Clusters Revealed by Gas Phase Thermal Desorption Spectrometry and Density Functional Theory Calculations

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journal contribution
posted on 16.02.2017, 00:00 by Daigo Masuzaki, Toshiaki Nagata, Fumitaka Mafuné
Thermal dissociation of cationic niobium oxide clusters (NbnOm+) was investigated by gas phase thermal desorption spectrometry. The dominant species formed at 300 K were NbnO(5/2)n+p+ (n = 2, 4, 6, ...; p = 0, 1, 2, ...) and NbnO((5/2)n–1/2)+q+ (n = 3, 5, ...; q = 0, 1, 2, ...). At higher temperatures, the more oxygen-rich clusters were observed to release O2. However, the desorption of O2 from NbnOm+ was found to be insignificant in comparison with VnOm+ because Nb tends to have a +5 oxidation state exclusively, whereas V can have both +4 and +5 oxidation states. The propensity for the release of O atoms was manifested in the formation of NbnO(5/2)n–1/2+ from NbnO((5/2)n–1/2)+1+ for odd values of n, whereas VnO((5/2)n–1/2)+1+ released O2 molecules instead. The energetics of the O and O2 release from the Nb and V oxide clusters, respectively, was consistent with the results of DFT calculations.