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Designing of Efficient Bifunctional ORR/OER Pt Single-Atom Catalysts Based on O‑Terminated MXenes by First-Principles Calculations

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journal contribution
posted on 26.10.2021, 18:17 authored by Dongxiao Kan, Dashuai Wang, Yingjie Cheng, Ruqian Lian, Bo Sun, Kaiyun Chen, Wangtu Huo, Yizhan Wang, Gang Chen, Yingjin Wei
MXenes have been used as substrate materials for single-atom catalysts (SACs) due to their unique two-dimensional (2D) structure, high surface area, and high electronic conductivity. Oxygen is the primary terminating group of MXenes; however, all of the reported Pt SACs till now are fabricated with F-terminated MXenes. According to the first-principles calculations of this work, the failure of using O-terminated MXenes as substrates is due to the low charge density around Pt and C, which weakens the catalytic activity of Pt. By adjusting the electronic structure of M2C using a second submetal with a lower work function than M, 18 potential bifunctional Pt SACs are constructed based on O-terminated bimetal MXenes. After further consideration of some important practical application factors such as overpotential, solvation effect, and reaction barriers, only four of them, i.e., Cr2Nb2C3O2-VO-Pt, Cr2Ta2C3O2-VO-Pt, Cr2NbC2O2-VO-Pt, and Cr2TaC2O2-VO-Pt, are screened as bifunctional oxygen reduction reaction/oxygen evolution reaction (ORR/OER) catalysts. All of these screened SACs are originated from Cr-based MXenes, implying the significance of Cr-based MXenes in designing bifunctional Pt SACs.