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Designing Hydrophobically Modified Polysaccharide Derivatives for Highly Efficient Enzyme Immobilization

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journal contribution
posted on 10.08.2015, 00:00 by Tamilselvan Mohan, Raffael Rathner, David Reishofer, Martin Koller, Thomas Elschner, Stefan Spirk, Thomas Heinze, Karin Stana-Kleinschek, Rupert Kargl
In this contribution, a hydrophobically modified polysaccharide derivative is synthesized in an eco-friendly solvent water by conjugation of benzylamine with the backbone of the biopolymer. Owing to the presence of aromatic moieties, the resulting water-soluble polysaccharide derivative self-assembles spontaneously and selectively from solution on the surface of nanometric thin films and sheets of polystyrene (PS). The synthetic polymer modified in this way bears a biocompatible nanolayer suitable for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), a heme-containing metalloenzyme often employed in biocatalysis and biosensors. Besides the detailed characterization of the polysaccharide derivative, a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) are used to investigate the binding efficiency and interaction of HRP with the tailored polysaccharide interfaces. Subsequent enzyme activity tests reveal details of the interaction of HRP with the solid support. The novel polysaccharide derivative and its use as a material for the selective modification of PS lead to a beneficial, hydrophilic environment for HRP, resulting in high enzymatic activities and a stable immobilization of the enzyme for biocatalytic and analytic purposes.