Designing Block Copolymer Architectures toward Tough Bioplastics from Natural Rosin
journal contributionposted on 23.02.2017, 00:00 authored by Md Anisur Rahman, Hasala N. Lokupitiya, Mitra S. Ganewatta, Liang Yuan, Morgan Stefik, Chuanbing Tang
Resin acids (or natural rosin) are a class of abundant, renewable natural biomass. Most low molecular weight resin acid-containing polymers are very brittle due to their low chain entanglement associated with the pendant, intrinsically bulky hydrophenanthrene group. The use of block copolymer architectures can enhance chain entanglement and thus improve toughness. A–B–A type triblock and A–B–A–B–A type pentablock copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) with one-pot sequential monomer addition of a rosin-based monomer and norbornene. We investigated the effect of chain architecture and microphase separation on mechanical properties of both types of block copolymers. Pentablock copolymers exhibited higher strength and toughness as compared to both the triblock copolymers and the corresponding homopolymers. The greater toughness of pentablock copolymers is due to the presence of the rosin-based midblock chains that act as bridging chains between two polynorbornene domains. SAXS and AFM data were consistent with short-range phase separation of microdomains in all tri- and pentablock copolymers.