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Designing Anion-Derived Solid Electrolyte Interphase in a Siloxane-Based Electrolyte for Lithium-Metal Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 07.06.2022, 15:36 authored by Jianyang Wu, Tianyi Zhou, Bing Zhong, Qian Wang, Wen Liu, Henghui Zhou
The rational electrolyte design with weak solvation is regarded as an effective way to regulate the electrolyte/electrode interface (SEI) that profoundly affects the performance of Li-metal batteries. Herein, we propose a newly developed siloxane-based weakly solvating electrolyte (SiBE) with contact ion pairs (CIPs) or aggregates (AGGs) dominating the solution structure, which enables the dendrite-free Li deposition and long cycle stability of Li-metal batteries. By altering the combination of Li salts, the SiBE leads to the formation of an inorganic anion-derived solid electrolyte interphase, which is highly stable and Li+-conductive. Based on SiBE, the Li||LiFePO4 (LFP) full cell can stably cycle for 1000 cycles at a 2C rate with a capacity retention of 76.9%. Even with a limited Li-metal anode, it can maintain a capacity retention of 80% after 110 cycles with a high average Coulombic efficiency of 99.8%. This work reveals that siloxane can be a promising solvent to obtain weakly solvating electrolytes, which opens a new avenue for SEI composition regulation of Li-metal batteries.