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Design of an Advanced Membrane Electrode Assembly Employing a Double-Layered Cathode for a PEM Fuel Cell

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journal contribution
posted on 23.12.2015, 00:00 authored by GyeongHee Kim, KwangSup Eom, MinJoong Kim, Sung Jong Yoo, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung-Juhn Kim, EunAe Cho
The membrane electrolyte assembly (MEA) designed in this study utilizes a double-layered cathode: an inner catalyst layer prepared by a conventional decal transfer method and an outer catalyst layer directly coated on a gas diffusion layer. The double-layered structure was used to improve the interfacial contact between the catalyst layer and membrane, to increase catalyst utilization and to modify the removal of product water from the cathode. Based on a series of MEAs with double-layered cathodes with an overall Pt loading fixed at 0.4 mg cm–2 and different ratios of inner-to-outer Pt loading, the MEA with an inner layer of 0.3 mg Pt cm–2 and an outer layer of 0.1 mg Pt cm–2 exhibited the best performance. This performance was better than that of the conventional single-layered electrode by 13.5% at a current density of 1.4 A cm–2.