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Design, Synthesis, and Biological Evaluation of New Cinnamic Derivatives as Antituberculosis Agents

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posted on 10.03.2011, 00:00 by Prithwiraj De, Georges Koumba Yoya, Patricia Constant, Florence Bedos-Belval, Hubert Duran, Nathalie Saffon, Mamadou Daffé, Michel Baltas
Tuberculosis, HIV coinfection with TB, emergence of multidrug-resistant TB, and extensively drug-resistant TB are the major causes of death from infectious diseases worldwide. Because no new drug has been introduced in the last several decades, new classes of molecules as anti-TB drugs are urgently needed. Herein, we report the synthesis and structure−activity relationships of a series of thioester, amide, hydrazide, and triazolophthalazine derivatives of 4-alkoxy cinnamic acid. Many compounds exhibited submicromolar minimum inhibitory concentrations against Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain (H37Rv). Interestingly, compound 13e, a 4-isopentenyloxycinnamyl triazolophthalazine derivative, was found to be 100−1800 times more active than isoniazid (INH) when tested for its ability to inhibit the growth of INH-resistant M. tuberculosis strains. The results also revealed that 13e does not interfere with mycolic acid biosynthesis, thereby pointing to a different mode of action and representing an attractive lead compound for the development of new anti-TB agents.

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