Derivatives of 5-Nitro-furan-2-carboxylic Acid Carbamoylmethyl Ester Inhibit RNase H Activity Associated with HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase
journal contributionposted on 12.03.2009, 00:00 by Hideyoshi Fuji, Emiko Urano, Yuko Futahashi, Makiko Hamatake, Junko Tatsumi, Tyuji Hoshino, Yuko Morikawa, Naoki Yamamoto, Jun Komano
The RNase H activity associated with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is an attractive target for an antiretroviral drug development. We screened 20000 small-molecular-weight compounds for RNase H inhibitors and identified a novel RNase H-inhibiting structure characterized by a 5-nitro-furan-2-carboxylic acid carbamoylmethyl ester (NACME) moiety. Two NACME derivatives, 5-nitro-furan-2-carboxylic acid adamantan-1-carbamoylmethyl ester (compound 1) and 5-nitro-furan-2-carboxylic acid [[4-(4-bromo-phenyl)-thiazol-2-yl]-(tetrahydro-furan-2-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-methyl ester (compound 2), effectively blocked HIV-1 and MLV RT-associated RNase H activities with IC50s of 3−30 μM but had little effect on bacterial RNase H activity in vitro. Additionally, 20−25 μM compound 2 effectively inhibited HIV-1 replication. An in silico docking simulation indicated that the conserved His539 residue, and two metal ions in the RNase H catalytic center are involved in RNase H inhibition by NACME derivatives. Taken together, these data suggest that NACME derivatives may be potent lead compounds for development of a novel class of antiretroviral drugs.