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Dephosphorylation Reactions with Deferoxamine, A Potential Chemical Nuclease

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journal contribution
posted on 16.12.2011, 00:00 by Elisa S. Orth, Michelle Medeiros, Tiago Bortolotto, Hernán Terenzi, Anthony J. Kirby, Faruk Nome
We report a detailed kinetic and mechanistic study of the reaction of a widely used therapeutic agent, deferoxamine (DFO), which contains three nucleophilic hydroxamate groups, with the model phosphate diester bis-2,4-dinitrophenylphosphate BDNPP. We clarify the mechanism by detecting important phosphorylated intermediates in the model reaction and show that the mechanism can be extended to the reaction with DNA. The effectiveness of DFO in cleaving DNA was examined over a range of pH in the absence and presence of a biologically available metal (Zn2+). The results inform and complement ongoing studies involving DFO, which can act as a powerful nucleophile toward DNA and other targets susceptible to nucleophilic attack.