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Dendritic Silver Nanostructure Growth and Evolution in Replacement Reaction

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journal contribution
posted on 02.05.2007, 00:00 by Jixiang Fang, Hongjun You, Peng Kong, Yan Yi, Xiaoping Song, Bingjun Ding
In this study, a well-defined dendritic silver nanostructure can be large-scale synthesized in AgNO3 (aqueous) at room temperature. The nonequilibrium and anisotropic growth at different silver ion concentrations result in controllable morphologies and morphological evolution. At high silver ion concentrations, a strong anisotropic growth contributes to a fine single crystalline silver dendrite. As the reaction proceeds, the dendritic structure transforms into a thermodynamically stable hexagonal structure. At a relatively low silver ion concentration, a particle-aggregated fractal pattern can be obtained due to relatively small anisotropy. As the reaction time increases, the transition from polycrystalline aggregates to a single crystal during silver dendritic growth can be observed. An oriented attachment mechanism can be used to explain the structural and morphological evolution of silver nanostructures. Silver nanostructures with various morphologies are expected to have significant potential applications in superhydrophobic surfaces, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, and others.