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Delivery of Doxorubicin Using Double-Layered Core–Shell Nanocarrier Based on Magnetic Fe3O4 Core and Salep Shells

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journal contribution
posted on 03.10.2018, 00:00 by Seyed Hassan Hosseini, Sakineh Alipour, Nasrin Zohreh
Herein, we developed a magnetic drug delivery system based on magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles with double shells of modified salep polysaccharide for the delivery of doxorubicin (Dox). The drug-loaded nanocarrier was synthesized in an easy way, and large amounts of drug molecules were loaded into the nanocarrier. The drug-loaded nanocarrier showed excellent pH responsibility in vitro, and large amounts of Dox were released at lower pH (60% release), whereas the nanocarrier was stable at neutral pH. The hemolysis assay results showed that the nanocarrier has negligible hemolytic effects on human red blood cells and showed good biocompatibility. Moreover, the result of coagulation assays showed that the nanocarrier was not active in any coagulation pathways. Cytotoxicity assays of nanocarrier and drug-loaded nanocarrier toward HeLa cells demonstrated that the nanocarrier has negligible toxicity, whereas the drug-loaded nanocarrier kills more than 90% of cells during 48 h. The flow cytometry analysis also showed that the uptake of drug-loaded nanocarrier into the cancerous cells is time-dependent and higher concentrations of drug internalized into the cells at longer incubation time. On the basis of the results, we suggest that the present nanocarrier can be applicable for in vivo drug delivery as an easy-made and cheap nanocarrier.