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Degradation of a Novel Pesticide Antiviral Agent Vanisulfane in Aqueous Solution: Kinetics, Identification of Photolysis Products, and Pathway

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journal contribution
posted on 17.09.2020 by Xingang Meng, Niao Wang, Xiaofang Long, Deyu Hu
Hydrolysis degradation kinetics of vanisulfane in water was investigated in detail under exogenous substances conditions. The experimental results indicated that the degradation rate of vanisulfane in aqueous solution increases with the increase of concentration of Cu2+. The degradation of vanisulfane did not change significantly in Ni2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, and Fe3+ aqueous solutions. Surfactants have no significant effect on the degradation of vanisulfane, and the degradation rate of vanisulfane increases with increasing concentration of fulvic acid. In addition, the photolysis products were identified by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry. Five photolysis products were identified, and the degradation reaction pathway and the mechanism of vanisulfane were proposed, which mainly involved cleavage of thioether, back into aldehyde, cleavage of ether bond, demethylation, and intramolecular dehydration processes. This research on vanisulfane can be helpful for its security evaluation and increased understanding of vanisulfane in water environments.