Degradation Mechanism of Conversion-Type Iron Trifluoride: Toward Improvement of Cycle Performance
journal contributionposted on 20.08.2019, 11:33 by Hiroshi Senoh, Keitaro Matsui, Masahiro Shikano, Toyoki Okumura, Hisao Kiuchi, Keiji Shimoda, Keisuke Yamanaka, Toshiaki Ohta, Toshiharu Fukunaga, Hikari Sakaebe, Eiichiro Matsubara
Conversion-type iron trifluoride (FeF3) has attracted considerable attention as a positive electrode material for lithium secondary batteries due to its high energy density and low cost. However, the conversion process through which FeF3 operates leads it to suffer from capacity degradation upon repeated cycling. To improve the cycle performance, in this study we investigated the degradation mechanism of conversion-type FeF3 electrode material. Bulk analyses of FeF3 upon cycling reveal incomplete oxidation to Fe3+ concomitant with the aggregation of LiF at the charged state. In addition, surface analyses of FeF3 reveal that a film covered the electrode surface after 10 cycles, which leads to a remarkable increase in resistance. We show that the choice of the electrolyte formulation is crucial in preventing the formation of the film on the electrode surface; thus, FeF3 shows better performance in an electrolyte comprising LiBF4 solute in cyclic carbonate solvents than in chain carbonate-containing LiPF6 as the electrolyte. This study underpins that a careful selection of solvent, rather than solute, is significantly essential to improve the cycle performance of the FeF3 electrode.