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Degradation-Dependent Controlled Delivery of Doxorubicin by Glyoxal Cross-Linked Magnetic and Porous Chitosan Microspheres

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journal contribution
posted on 09.08.2021, 12:11 by Nechikkottil Sivadasan Sumitha, Prabha Prakash, Balagopal N. Nair, Gopalakrishnanchettiar Sivakamiammal Sailaja
Glyoxal cross-linked porous magnetic chitosan microspheres, GMS (∼170 μm size), with a tunable degradation profile were synthesized by a water-in-oil emulsion technique to accomplish controlled delivery of doxorubicin (DOX), a chemotherapeutic drug, to ensure prolonged chemotherapeutic effects. The GMS exhibit superparamagnetism with saturation magnetization, Ms = 7.2 emu g–1. The in vitro swelling and degradation results demonstrate that a swelling plateau of GMS is reached at 24 h, while degradation can be modulated to begin at 96–120 h by formulating the cross-linked network using glyoxal. MTT assay, live/dead staining, and F-actin staining (actin/DAPI) validated the cytocompatibility of GMS, which further assured good drug loading capacity (35.8%). The release mechanism has two stages, initiated by diffusion-inspired release of DOX through the swollen polymer network (72 h), which is followed by a disintegration-tuned release profile (>96 h) conferring GMS a potential candidate for DOX delivery.