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Dearomative Synthetic Entry into the Altemicidin Alkaloids

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journal contribution
posted on 21.05.2021, 12:05 by Claire S. Harmange Magnani, Thomas J. Maimone
Altemicidin and related Streptomyces-derived monoterpene alkaloids possess dense, highly polar azaindane cores as well as potent cytotoxic and tRNA synthetase inhibitory properties. The congested α-amino acid motif decorating their presumed iridoid-like core structure has proven to be both a synthetic challenge and a biosynthetic mystery to date. Herein, we report a distinct, abiotic strategy to these alkaloids resulting in a concise synthesis of altemicidin from simple chemical feedstocks. Key chemical findings include the exploitation of a dearomative pyridinium addition and dipolar cycloaddition sequence to stereospecifically install the quaternary amine moiety, and a chemoselective molybdenum-mediated double reduction to establish the fully functionalized azaindane nucleus with minimal redox manipulations.