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DNA-Guided Room-Temperature Synthesis of Single-Crystalline Gold Nanostructures on Graphdiyne Substrates

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journal contribution
posted on 21.04.2020, 11:33 by Xiaoliang Chen, Feng He, Weina Fang, Jianlei Shen, Xiaoguo Liu, Yurui Xue, Huibiao Liu, Jiang Li, Lihua Wang, Yuliang Li, Chunhai Fan
Nobel metal nanoparticles with tunable morphologies are highly desirable due to their unique electronic, magnetic, optical, and/or catalytic features. Here we report the use of multilayered graphdyine (GD) as a substrate for the reductant-free, room-temperature synthesis of single-crystal Au nanostructures with tunable morphology. We find that the GD template rich in sp-carbon atoms possesses high affinity with Au atoms on the {111} facets, and that the intrinsic reductivity of GD facilitates the rapid growth of Au nanoplates. The introduction of single-stranded DNA strands further results in the synthesis of Au nanostructures with decreased anisotropy, i.e., polygons and flower-like nanoparticles. The DNA-guided tunable Au growth arises from the strong adsorption of DNA on the GD template that alters the uniformity of the interface, which provides a direct route to synthesize Au nanostructures with tailorable morphology and photonic properties.

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