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DFT Insights into Comparative Hydrogen Adsorption and Hydrogen Spillover Mechanisms of Pt4/Graphene and Pt4/Anatase (101) Surfaces

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journal contribution
posted on 10.10.2019, 21:14 by Amita Sihag, Zong-Lun Xie, Ho Viet Thang, Chin-Lung Kuo, Fan-Gang Tseng, Matthew Stephen Dyer, Hsin-Yi Tiffany Chen
A comparative study of the hydrogen spillover phenomenon on pristine graphene and anatase (101)-supported Pt4 catalysts has been carried out by using density functional theory with Hubbard correction (DFT + U) and dispersion correction (Grimme-D3). The adsorption of the H2 molecule causes no dissociation on graphene but dissociation with nearly zero adsorption energy on anatase (101). This emphasizes the need for a metal catalyst for H2 dissociation to aid the stronger chemisorption of hydrogen atoms or protons on the substrate. The metal–support interaction is different for both substrates as Pt4 shows p-type doping for graphene and n-type doping for anatase (101) surfaces with binding energies of −2.16 and −5.82 eV, respectively. The differing nature of H2 adsorption and metal–support interactions lead to different hydrogen spillover phenomena for the two supports. Hydrogen spillover is unlikely to occur on Pt4/graphene even at high hydrogen coverage (24H atoms per Pt4) but has a tendency to take place on anatase (101) at medium hydrogen coverage (10H atoms per Pt4) from the perspectives of both thermodynamics and kinetics.