Cycloadditions of Cephalosporins. A Comprehensive Study of the Reaction of Cephalosporin Triflates with Olefins, Acetylenes, and Dienes To Form [2 + 2] and [4 + 2] Adducts
journal contributionposted on 25.07.1997, 00:00 by Richard L. Elliott, Neville H. Nicholson, Fiona E. Peaker, Andrew K. Takle, Christine M. Richardson, John W. Tyler, Janet White, Michael J. Pearson, Drake S. Eggleston, R. Curtis Haltiwanger
Novel polycyclic cephalosporins are formed by the reaction of cephalosporin triflates with various unsaturated compounds in the presence of Hunigs base. 2,3-Fused cyclobutane and cyclobutene cephems are obtained with olefins and acetylenes, respectively, whereas [4 + 2] cycloadducts are obtained with furan. The reaction has been rationalized by invoking the intermediacy of a strained 6-membered cyclic allene. The allene undergoes an orbital symmetry allowed concerted π2s + π2a cycloaddition with olefins and acetylenes and a π4s + π2s cycloaddition with furan. The regiochemistry of the [2 + 2] cycloadducts is independent of the substitution of the unsaturated component and of the oxidation state of the cephalosporin sulfur atom. However in the case of the [4 + 2] adducts, the sulfur oxidation state determines the regiochemistry of the addition. Carbacephalosporins also participate in this reaction with olefins but require a stronger base such as DBU. Thus the reaction described provides a facile, one-step procedure for the production of a rich variety of novel polycyclic cephalosporins.