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Cyclization of Electron-Deficient Cyclopentadienone with 2-Alkenyl and 2-Alkynylamines via Sequential Pericyclic Reaction Pathway

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journal contribution
posted on 27.11.2001, 00:00 authored by Yasuyuki Yoshitake, Kouki Yamaguchi, Chika Kai, Takayo Akiyama, Chiaki Handa, Tamaki Jikyo, Kazunobu Harano
The pericyclic reactions of 2,5-bis(methoxycarbonyl)-3,4-diphenylcyclopentadienone (1a) with both allylic and propargylic amines have been investigated. The reaction proceeded via initial formation of the 1,4 adducts followed by the ene cyclization and/or sequential pericyclic reactions depending upon the structures of the amines. The reaction of 1a with diallylamine (2a) gave the tetracyclic compound (3a). On the other hand, the reaction of 1a with 2-propynylamine (2c) gave exclusively the bicyclic compound (5c). In the reactions with the secondary 2-propynylamines (2d,e), the tetracyclic compounds (3d,e) were exclusively formed. The reactions of 1a with α-branched primary 1,1-dialkyl-2-propynylamines (2f,g) gave mixtures of 3- and 5-type compounds. The tetracyclic compounds 3 were formed from the intramolecular [4+2]π cycloadditions of the [1,5]-sigmatropic rearrangement products of the 1,4 adducts of 1a and 2, followed by the [1,5]-sigmatropic rearrangement of hydrogen and dehydrogenation. The bicyclic compounds 5 were derived from the [2π+2π+2σ] reaction of the 1,4 adducts of 1a and 2. The one-pot multistage sequential pericyclic reactions were discussed on the basis of the X-ray crystallographic structures and the MO calculation data.