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Cu3‑Cluster-Doped Monolayer Mo2CO2 (MXene) as an Electron Reservoir for Catalyzing a CO Oxidation Reaction

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journal contribution
posted on 29.08.2018, 00:00 by Cheng Cheng, Xilin Zhang, Zongxian Yang, Zhen Zhou
The catalytic oxidation of CO on Cu3-cluster-decorated pristine and defective Mo2CO2 (MXene) monolayers (Cu3/p-Mo2CO2 and Cu3/d-Mo2CO2) was investigated by first-principles calculations. The stability of the designed catalysts was comprehensively demonstrated via analysis of the energies, geometry distortion, and molecular dynamics simulations at finite temperatures. The difference in the individual adsorption energies, as well as the oxidation and poisoning of Cu3/p­(d)-Mo2CO2 under CO and O2 gas atmospheres, was tested to estimate the catalytic ability. We found that Cu3/d-Mo2CO2 might be a superior catalyst with good stability and reactivity for CO oxidation. The active sites of the Cu3 cluster acting as an electron reservoir governed its electron-donating and -accepting ability. Different adsorption configurations of O2 on Cu3/d-Mo2CO2 also gave rise to different reaction activities. The facile rate-limiting energy barrier was attributed to the charge buffer capacity of the Cu3 cluster that mediates the reaction. Our results may provide clues to fabricate MXene-based materials by depositing small clusters on MXenes and exploring the advanced applications of these materials.