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Crystal Structure and Replacement Reaction of Coordinated Water Molecules of the Heteropoly Compounds of Sandwich-Type Tungstoarsenates

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journal contribution
posted on 2000-02-04, 00:00 authored by Li-Hua Bi, En-Bo Wang, Jun Peng, Ru-Dan Huang, Lin Xu, Chang-Wen Hu
Six new heteropoly compounds in the [M4(H2O)2(As2W15O56)2]16- series (M = CuII, MnII, CoII, NiII, ZnII, CdII), previously unknown, were synthesized and characterized by means of IR, UV−vis, CV, 183W NMR, TG-DSC, and elemental analyses. The synthetic method used in preparing this type of heteropoly compounds was different from that in preparing the corresponding tungstophosphates in that the starting materials were transition metal chlorides in 1.5 times the stoichiometric amount and the required pH value is lower than 2. The crystal structure of Na16[Cu4(H2O)2(As2W15O56)2]·47H2O was solved in triclinic, P1̄ symmetry, with a = 12.721(3) Å, b = 24.516(5) Å, c = 26.450(5) Å, α = 89.90(3)°, β = 77.32(3)°, γ = 89.96(3)°, V = 8048(3) Å3, Z = 2, and R = 0.0966. This anion is isostructural with the previously reported [Cu4(H2O)2(P2W15O56)2]16-, having a rhombic tetrameric cluster Cu4O16 sandwiched by two trivacant Dawson−Wells anions [As2W15O56]12-. The range of the bond lengths of the equatorial Cu−O bonds is 1.83−2.05 Å, while that of the axial Cu−O bonds is 2.30−2.39 Å. The distortion of the Cu4O16 cluster is smaller in the As species than in the P species. Two copper atoms in the Cu4O16 cluster are coordinated by water molecules. The replacement reactions of the coordinated water molecules of this series of heteropoly compounds in aqueous solutions and in selected organic solvents are also reported here for the first time. The results show that [Fe (CN)6]4-, [Fe(CN)6]3-, H2NCH2CH2NH2, etc., can replace the coordinated water to form its characteristic color in aqueous solutions, while in organic solvents the coordinated water molecules are lost, leaving unshared coordination positions that can be occupied by some organic ligands such as pyridine, lactic acid, and acetone to restore the octahedral coordination of M2+. The crystallographic morphologies of this series of heteropolyanions after phase transfer are dependent on different transition metal ions present in the central M4O16 clusters although the anions are isostructural with each other.

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