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Cross-Linked Thymine-Purine Base Tandem Lesions:  Synthesis, Characterization, and Measurement in γ-Irradiated Isolated DNA

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journal contribution
posted on 15.04.2002, 00:00 by Sophie Bellon, Jean-Luc Ravanat, Didier Gasparutto, Jean Cadet
5-(Phenylthiomethyl)-2‘-deoxyuridine has been recently shown to be a specific photolabile precursor of 5-(2‘-deoxyuridilyl)methyl radical that is involved in the formation of tandem base lesion with vicinal guanine in oxygen-free aqueous solution. The thionucleoside was incorporated by either liquid or solid-phase phosphoramidite synthesis into dinucleoside monophosphates with a 2‘-deoxyadenosine residue as the vicinal nucleoside located either at the 3‘ or 5‘-extremity. UV-C irradiation of the modified dinucleoside monophosphate under anaerobic conditions gives rise to cross-linked thymineCH2-C8adenine tandem base lesions which were isolated and characterized by 1H NMR and mass spectrometry analyses. The formation of the latter tandem lesions involved an intramolecular addition of the 5-(2‘-deoxyuridilyl)methyl radical to the C8 of the adenine moiety. A sensitive and specific assay aimed at monitoring the formation of the four thymineCH2-C8purine adducts, namely d(T∧G), d(G∧T), d(T∧A), d(A∧T), within DNA, was designed. This was based on a liquid chromatography analysis coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) detection of the dinucleoside monophosphates which were quantitatively released from γ-irradiated DNA and oligodeoxyribonucleotides by enzymatic hydrolysis. The four lesions were detected in both single-stranded oligodeoxyribonucleotide and isolated DNA upon exposure to γ-radiation in oxygen-free aqueous solution. It was found that the tandem guanine-thymine lesions were produced more efficiently than the adenine-thymine cross-links. Moreover, a significant sequence effect was observed. Thus, the yield of formation of the tandem lesions is higher when the purine base is located at the 5‘ position of the 5-(2‘-deoxyuridilyl)methyl radical.