Cross-Coupled Phenyl- and Alkynyl-Based Phenanthrolines and Their Effect on the Photophysical and Electrochemical Properties of Heteroleptic Cu(I) Photosensitizers
journal contributionposted on 25.03.2021, 12:36 by Florian Doettinger, Yingya Yang, Marie-Ann Schmid, Wolfgang Frey, Michael Karnahl, Stefanie Tschierlei
With the aims of increasing the antenna system and improving the photophysical properties of Cu(I)-based photosensitizers, the backbone of 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline was selectively extended in the 5,6-position. Applying specifically tailored Suzuki–Miyaura and “chemistry-on-the-complex” Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions enabled the development of two sets of structurally related diimine ligands with a broad variety of different phenyl- and alkynyl-based substituents. The resulting 11 novel heteroleptic Cu(I) complexes, including five solid-state structures, were studied with respect to their structure–property relationships. Both sets of substituents are able to red-shift the absorption maxima and to increase the absorptivity. For the alkynyl-based complexes, this is accompanied by a significant anodic shift of the reduction potentials. The phenyl-based substituents strongly influence the emission wavelength and quantum yield of the resulting Cu(I) complexes and lead to an increase in the emission lifetime of up to 504 ns, which clearly indicates competition with the benchmark system [(xantphos)Cu(bathocuproine)]PF6.