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Creating High Aspect Ratio Magnetostrictive Flakes to Enhance Magnetoelectric Polymer Composites

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posted on 2024-06-11, 10:03 authored by Andrew D. M. Charles, Andrew N. Rider, Sonya A. Brown, Chun H. Wang
Polymer-based magnetoelectric materials form a technologically significant class of magneto-polymer composites which show promise for the production of low-cost and mechanically durable sensors, energy harvesters, and transducers. The use of a particle magnetostrictive phase in these composites offers a scalable path to producing large-area magnetoelectric materials and, so, is highly attractive. A key challenge for these composites is improving the coupling between the particle and polymer phases. In this work, we explore the use of shape anisotropy in galfenol flake particles as a means of bestowing magnetoelectric anisotropy. Cryogenic ball milling is used as a means to produce particulates, which are distributed and aligned in P(VDF-TrFE) composite films. A direction-specific, bias-free magnetoelectric coupling as high as 46.27 mV/cm·Oe was achieved. The use of this material in an energy harvesting device yielded peak energy harvesting power densities of 46.97 and 2.03 μW/cm3 for vibrational and magnetic fields, respectively.

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