Creating ω‑3 Fatty-Acid-Enriched Chicken Using Defatted Green Microalgal Biomass
journal contributionposted on 28.10.2015, 00:00 by Stephanie K. Gatrell, JongGun Kim, Theodore J. Derksen, Eleanore V. O’Neil, Xin Gen Lei
This study was to create an ω-3 (n-3) fatty-acid-enriched chicken product using defatted green microalgae (DGA, Nannochloropsis oceanica) biomass out of biofuel research. Hatching Ross broiler chicks were fed a corn–soybean meal diet containing 0 (control), 2, 4, 8, or 16% DGA for 6 weeks (n = 6 cages/diet). The DGA inclusion resulted in a linear (p < 0.001) increase in total n-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in plasma, liver, breast, and thigh at weeks 3 and 6. The increase in the breast EPA + DHA by the 16% DGA diet reached 60-fold (p < 0.0001) over the control. The 8 and 4% DGA diets elevated (p < 0.05) liver mRNA levels of Δ-9 (88%) and Δ-6 (96) desaturases. In conclusion, 8–16% of the DGA can be added in diets for broilers to produce a n-3 fatty-acid-enriched chicken meat.