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Covalent Gluing and Postgluing of Langmuir−Blodgett Monolayers at Hydrocarbon Surfaces

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journal contribution
posted on 2006-12-19, 00:00 authored by Junwei Li, Vaclav Janout, Steven L. Regen
Langmuir−Blodgett (LB) monolayers of 5,11,17,23,29,35-hexaformyl-37,38,39,40,41,42-hexakis(1-n-octyloxy)calix[6]arene (2), deposited onto silylated silicon wafers, were cross-linked (i.e., “covalently glued”) via Schiff base formation with poly(allylamine). Direct evidence for imine formation was obtained from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and from attenuated total reflection IR spectroscopy. These modified surfaces could be removed from the aqueous subphase into air with retention of the assembly and its orientation relative to the surface, as evidenced by atomic force microscopy, water contact angle measurements, and film thickness determinations by ellipsometry. Similar assemblies were also synthesized via a postgluing procedure, in which the substrate containing the LB monolayer was removed from the subphase and rapidly immersed into an aqueous solution containing poly(allylamine). The potential of combining postgluing methods with continuous LB film deposition as a surface modification technique is briefly discussed.