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Covalency-Dependent Vibrational Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Titanium Carbides

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journal contribution
posted on 31.12.2015, 00:00 by Tao Hu, Minmin Hu, Zhaojin Li, Hui Zhang, Chao Zhang, Jiemin Wang, Xiaohui Wang
Structure and vibrational dynamics of T-terminated titanium carbide monosheets Ti2CT2 (T = O, F, OH) are studied by means of first-principles calculations to understand their inherent relation. Terminations modulate the crystal structures through the redistribution of valence electron density among the atoms in the monosheets, particularly Ti atoms. Phonon partial density of states analysis shows a clear feature of collaborative vibration, which reflects the covalent nature of bonds in the monosheets. Two metrics of covalency and cophonicity proposed very recently are adopted to quantitatively correlate the vibrational properties with the electrostructural characteristics of the system. A remarkable positive correlation between the covalency and vibrational dynamics specified as Raman shifts and IR wavenumbers is found. The bond-specific covalency metrics depend on not only the identity of terminations but also the thickness of the two-dimensional titanium carbides. For example, in the case of Ti3C2T2 with increased thickness, red shift in Raman shifts and IR wavenumbers occurs as a result of the decrease in covalency.