American Chemical Society
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Coupling of Solid-Phase Microextraction Directly to Mass Spectrometry via an Improved Microfluidic Open Interface to Facilitate High-Throughput Determinations

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-02, 13:03 authored by Emir Nazdrajić, Khaled Murtada, Daniel A. Rickert, Janusz Pawliszyn
Mass spectrometry analysis can be performed by introducing samples directly to mass spectrometry, allowing the increase of the analysis throughput; however, some disadvantages of direct-to-mass spectrometry analysis include susceptibility to matrix effects and risk of instrument contamination from inadequate sample preparation. Solid-phase microextraction is one of the most suitable sample preparation methods for direct-to-mass spectrometry analysis, as it offers matrix-compatible coatings which ensure analyte enrichment with minimal or no interference from matrix. One of the ways solid-phase microextraction can be coupled directly to mass spectrometry is via a microfluidic open interface. This manuscript reports improvements made to the initial microfluidic open interface design, where the system components have been simplified to mostly commercially available materials. In addition, the analysis of samples has been automated by implementing software that fully controls the analysis workflow, where the washing procedure is optimized to completely reduce the carryover. Herein, the extraction and desorption time profiles from thin and thick SPME devices was studied where the overall workflow consisted of high-throughput sample preparation of 1.3 min per 96 samples and <1 min per sample instrumental analysis.