American Chemical Society
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Coupled Anharmonic Thermochemistry from Stratified Monte Carlo Integration

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-12-07, 19:12 authored by Gabriel Rath, Wassja A. Kopp, Kai Leonhard
This study presents configuration integral Monte Carlo integration (CIMCI), a new semiclassical method for handling fully coupled anharmonicity in gas-phase thermodynamics that promises to be black boxable, to be applicable to all kinds of anharmonicity, and to scale better at higher dimensionality than other methods for handling gas-phase molecular anharmonicity. The method does so using automatically and recursively stratified, simultaneous Monte Carlo (MC) integration of multiple functions, following a modified version of the standard MISER scheme that converges at a rate of about the square of naïve MC integration. For the small systems analyzed by this study where proper reference data is available (H2O and H2O2), the method’s anharmonic entropy corrections match reference data better than those of other black box anharmonic methods, e.g., vibrational perturbation theory (VPT2) and the McClurg hindered rotor model used with automatic detection of rotors; for H2O2 and NH2OH, the method is also in general agreement with one-dimensional hindered rotor treatments at low temperatures. This holds even when sampling with CIMCI is done with primitive force fields, e.g., UFF, while the competing methods are used with proper, comprehensive potentials, e.g., the M06-2X metahybrid density-functional theory (DFT) functional.