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Correlations between Tocopherol and Fatty Acid Components in Germplasm Collections of Brassica Oilseeds

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posted on 09.01.2013, 00:00 authored by Yuanlong Li, Nazim Hussain, Lingmin Zhang, Xiaoyang Chen, Essa Ali, Lixi Jiang
To date, little is known about the correlations among the tocopherol (T) and fatty acid (FA) components in rapeseed oils. In the current study, a germplasm collection of landraces from the species Brassica juncea, Brassica rapa, and Brassica napus and a collection of low erucic acid (EA) breeding lines from B. napus were analyzed for FA and T contents. In the groups comprising landraces, the most notable correlation was the significantly positive one between α-T and the sum of C18:1 and C18:2, whereas neither positive correlations were found between α-T and C18:3 nor were positive correlations observed between α-T and very long chain FAs (VLCFA). Hardly any association between γ-T and FA components was observed, indicating the possible function of α-T beyond its antioxidant property. The complexity of correlation between T and FA components in Brassica oils may arise from the role of α-T in the FA metabolism of endoplasmic reticulum (ER).