Copolymer Brush-Based Ultralow-Fouling Biorecognition Surface Platform for Food Safety
journal contributionposted on 2016-09-30, 00:00 authored by Hana Vaisocherová-Lísalová, František Surman, Ivana Víšová, Milan Vala, Tomáš Špringer, Maria Laura Ermini, Hana Šípová, Petr Šedivák, Milan Houska, Tomáš Riedel, Ognen Pop-Georgievski, Eduard Brynda, Jiří Homola
Functional polymer coatings that combine the ability to resist nonspecific fouling from complex media with high biorecognition element (BRE) immobilization capacity represent an emerging class of new functional materials for a number of bioanalytical and biosensor technologies for medical diagnostics, security, and food safety. Here, we report on a random copolymer brush surface - poly(CBMAA-ran-HPMAA) - providing high BRE immobilization capacity while simultaneously exhibiting ultralow-fouling behavior in complex food media. We demonstrate that both the functionalization and fouling resistance capabilities of such copolymer brushes can be tuned by changing the surface contents of the two monomer units: nonionic N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMAA) and carboxy-functional zwitterionic carboxybetaine methacrylamide (CBMAA). It is demonstrated that the resistance to fouling decreases with the surface content of CBMAA; poly(CBMAA-ran-HPMAA) brushes with CBMAA molar content up to 15 mol % maintain excellent resistance to fouling from a variety of homogenized foods (hamburger, cucumber, milk, and lettuce) even after covalent attachment of BREs to carboxy groups of CBMAA. The poly(CBMAA 15 mol %-ran-HPMAA) brushes functionalized with antibodies are demonstrated to exhibit fouling resistance from food samples by up to 3 orders of magnitude better when compared with the widely used low-fouling carboxy-functional oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG)-based alkanethiolate self-assembled monolayers (AT SAMs) and, furthermore, by up to 2 orders of magnitude better when compared with the most successful ultralow-fouling biorecognition coatings - poly(carboxybetaine acrylamide), poly(CBAA). When model SPR detections of food-borne bacterial pathogens in homogenized foods are used, it is also demonstrated that the antibody-functionalized poly(CBMAA 15 mol %-ran-HPMAA) brush exhibits superior biorecognition properties over the poly(CBAA).
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ultralow-fouling behaviorfood samplescovalent attachmentfouling resistance capabilitiesmodel SPR detectionsHPMAASAMfouling decreasesbrushes functionalizedCopolymer Brush-Based Ultralow-Fouling Biorecognition Surface Platformsurface contents2 orders3 ordersOEGfood safetyultralow-fouling biorecognition coatingsimmobilization capacitybiosensor technologiesbiorecognition propertiesbiorecognition elementcarboxy groupsfood mediaBRE immobilization capacitysurface contentFood Safety Functional polymer coatingsexhibit fouling resistancecopolymer brushesbrush exhibitscarboxy-functional zwitterionic carboxybetaine methacrylamidecopolymer brush surfacemonomer unitsCBMAA molar content