American Chemical Society
ng3c00028_si_001.pdf (8.7 MB)

Controlling Morphology and Excitonic Disorder in Monolayer WSe2 Grown by Salt-Assisted CVD Methods

Download (8.7 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-22, 20:47 authored by Reynolds Dziobek-Garrett, Sachi Hilliard, Shreya Sriramineni, Ona Ambrozaite, Yifei Zhu, Bethany M. Hudak, Todd H. Brintlinger, Tomojit Chowdhury, Thomas J. Kempa
Chemical synthesis is a compelling alternative to top-down fabrication for controlling the size, shape, and composition of two-dimensional (2D) crystals. Precision tuning of the 2D crystal structure has broad implications for the discovery of new phenomena and the reliable implementation of these materials in optoelectronic, photovoltaic, and quantum devices. However, precise and predictable manipulation of the edge structure in 2D crystals through gas-phase synthesis is still a formidable challenge. Here, we demonstrate a salt-assisted low-pressure chemical vapor deposition method that enables tuning W metal flux during growth of 2D WSe2 monolayers and, thereby, direct control of their edge structure and optical properties. The degree of structural disorder in 2D WSe2 is a direct function of the W metal flux, which is controlled by adjusting the mass ratio of WO3 to NaCl. This edge disorder then couples to excitonic disorder, which manifests as broadened and spatially varying emission profiles. Our work links synthetic parameters with analyses of material morphology and optical properties to provide a unified understanding of intrinsic limits and opportunities in synthetic 2D materials.