American Chemical Society
ao7b01178_si_001.pdf (1.38 MB)

Controlled Wetting Properties through Heterogeneous Surfaces Containing Two-level Nanofeatures

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-11-15, 12:35 authored by Pranav P. Dubey, Quang N. Pham, Hyunjin Cho, Yongsung Kim, Yoonjin Won
Addressing the direct control of surface wettability has been a significant challenge for a variety of applications from self-cleaning surfaces to phase-change applications. Surface wettability has been traditionally modulated by installing surface nanostructures or changing their chemistry. Among numerous nanofabrication efforts, the chemical oxidation method is considered a promising approach because it allows cost-effective, quick, and direct control of the morphologies and chemical compositions of the grown nanofeatures. Despite the wide applicability of the surface oxidation method, the precise control of wetting behaviors through the growth of nanostructures has yet to be addressed. Here, we investigate the wetting characteristics of heterogeneous surfaces that contain two-level features (i.e., nanograsses and nanoflowers) with different petal shapes and structural chemistry. The difference in growth rates between nanograsses and nanoflowers creates a time-evolving morphology that can be classified by grass-dominated or flower-dominated regimes, which induces a wide range of water contact angles from 120 to 20°. The following study systematically quantifies the structural details and chemistry of nanostructures associated with their wetting characteristics. This investigation of heterogeneous surfaces will pave the way for selective growth of copper nanostructures and thus a direct control of surface wetting properties for use in future copper-based thermal applications.