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Controlled Tuning of the Properties in Optoelectronic Self-Sorted Gels

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journal contribution
posted on 26.06.2018, 00:00 by Emily R. Cross, Stephen Sproules, Ralf Schweins, Emily R. Draper, Dave J. Adams
Multicomponent supra­molecular gels have great potential for optoelectronics. Ideally, we could control the self-assembly of multiple components across many length scales, from the primary assembled structures to how these are arranged in space. This would allow energy transfer between p-type and n-type fibers to be controlled. Usually, a single network is formed and analyzed. It is not clear how most networks could be modified, and certainly not how these might be differentiated. Here, we address both of these issues. We show how the different components in a multicomponent gel can be differentiated by small-angle neutron scattering using contrast-matching experiments. The rate of self-assembly can be used to vary the networks that are formed, leading directly to changes in the efficiency of electron transfer. The assembly kinetics can therefore be used to prepare different networks from the same primary building blocks and primary self-assembled structures. We expect that these advances will allow multicomponent systems to become effective electronic materials.

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